Resources & Links

"This is the new Mein Kampf. Only Hitler did not have nuclear weapons. It's the scariest document I've ever read in my life."
Dr. Helen Caldicott, referring to the Project for the New American Century report entitled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century, 28 April 2003 . Dr. Caldicott is a Pediatrician, a Nobel Peace Prize nominee, founder of  Physicians for Social Responsibility and author of The New Nuclear Danger: George W. Bush's Military-Industrial Complex.

General Links and Resources on Iraq


Information sources on the Project for the New American Century:

PNAC Documents

External Resources

"This is the new Mein Kampf. Only Hitler did not have nuclear weapons. It's the scariest document I've ever read in my life."

Dr. Helen Caldicott, referring to the Project for the New American Century report entitled Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century, 28 April 2003 . Dr. Caldicott is a Pediatrician, a Nobel Peace Prize nominee, founder of  Physicians for Social Responsibility and author of The New Nuclear Danger: George W. Bush's Military-Industrial Complex.
The man behind 'total war' in the Mideast

- William O. Beeman
Wednesday, May 14, 2003
Most Americans have never heard of Michael Ledeen, but if the United States ends up in an extended shooting war throughout the Middle East, it will be largely due to his inspiration.

A fellow at the conservative American Enterprise Institute, Ledeen is a former employee of the Pentagon, the State Department and the National Security Council. As a consultant working with NSC head Robert McFarlane, he was involved in the transfer of arms to Iran during the Iran-Contra affair -- an adventure that he documented in the book "Perilous Statecraft: An Insider's Account of the Iran-Contra Affair." His most influential book is last year's "The War Against the Terror Masters: Why It Happened. Where We Are Now. How We'll Win."

Ledeen's ideas are repeated daily by such figures as Vice President Dick Cheney, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Deputy Defense Secretary Paul Wolfowitz. His views virtually define the stark departure from American foreign policy philosophy that existed before the tragedy of Sept. 11. He basically believes that violence in the service of the spread of democracy is America's manifest destiny. Consequently, he has become the philosophical legitimizer of the American occupation of Iraq.

Now Ledeen is calling for regime change beyond Iraq. In an address entitled "Time to Focus on Iran -- The Mother of Modern Terrorism," for the policy forum of the Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs on April 30, he declared, "The time for diplomacy is at an end; it is time for a free Iran, free Syria and free Lebanon."

With a group of other conservatives, Ledeen recently set up the Center for Democracy in Iran, an action group focusing on producing regime change in Iran.

Quotes from Ledeen's works reveal a peculiar set of beliefs about American attitudes toward violence. "Change -- above all violent change -- is the essence of human history," he proclaims in his book, "Machiavelli on Modern Leadership." In an influential essay in the National Review Online he asserts, "Creative destruction is our middle name. We do it automatically. . . . It is time once again to export the democratic revolution."

Ledeen has become the driving philosophical force behind the neoconservative movement and the military actions it has spawned. His 1996 book, "Freedom Betrayed; How the United States Led a Global Democratic Revolution, Won the Cold War and Walked Away," reveals the basic neoconservative obsession: The United States never "won" the Cold War; the Soviet Union collapsed of its own weight without a shot being fired. Had the United States truly won, democratic institutions would be sprouting everywhere the threat of communism had been rife.

Iraq, Iran and Syria are the first and foremost nations where this should happen, according to Ledeen. The process by which this should be achieved is a violent one, termed "total war."

"Total war not only destroys the enemy's military forces, but also brings the enemy society to an extremely personal point of decision, so that they are willing to accept a reversal of the cultural trends," Adam G. Mersereau, a former Marine and an Atlanta attorney, writes. "The sparing of civilian lives cannot be the total war's first priority. . . . The purpose of total war is to permanently force your will onto another people."

Consequently, Ledeen has excoriated both the State Department and the United Nations for their preference for diplomatic solutions to conflict; as well as the CIA for equivocating on evidence that would condemn "America's enemies" and justify militant action.

"No one I know wants to wage war on Iran and Syria, but I believe there is now a clear recognition that we must defend ourselves against them," Ledeen wrote on May 6 in the Toronto Globe and Mail.

Though he appears on conservative outlets such as the Fox television network, Ledeen has not been singled out for much media attention by the Bush administration, despite his extensive influence in Washington. His views may be perceived as too extreme for most Americans, who prefer to think of the United States as pursuing violence only when attacked and manifesting primarily altruistic goals toward other nations.

Clearly, a final decision has not been made on whether the United States will continue military action in Iran, Syria and Lebanon. But Ledeen has a notable track record. He was calling for attacks against Iraq throughout the 1990s, and the U.S. invasion on March 19 was a total fulfillment of his proposals.

Given both his fervor and his influence over the men with the guns, Americans should not be surprised if Ledeen's pronouncements come true.

William O. Beeman, who contributes opinion pieces to Pacific News Service, teaches anthropology and directs Middle East Studies at Brown University.


Tuesday, October 03, 2006


by Sarah Meyer
Index Research

The pre-planned war in Afghanistan will be 5 years old on 7 October. The PNAC gang had their eyes on Afghanistan and its oil prior to 9/11, as seen in R. M. Gerecht’s (March ’01) NY Times article, reprinted on the PNAC website. “In 1996, it seemed possible that American-built gas and oil pipelines from Central Asia could run through an Afghanistan ruled by one leader. … .To really put Mr. bin Laden out of business, America must shut down his operations inside Afghanistan,” he said. Mr. Gerecht wrote a further PNAC document, The Cowering Superpower, on the 30th of July ’01, in which he said: “In December 1999, the Clinton administration issued a worldwide terrorist alert … (because) bomb-toting Islamist militants under the banner of the Saudi terrorist Usama bin Laden had declared war.” Following this comment is a discussion on Bin Laden. Another excellent analysis of pre-9/11 strategy is by Stephen Lendman in his article Afghanistan, The Other Lost War. Further post 9/11 PNAC documents relating to Afghanistan can be seen here. Earlier documents relating to oil and gas in Afghanistan can be read here.

Really, the ‘War on Terror’ would be better renamed as ‘The War for GO’ (gas and oil). This is as applicable to Afghanistan as it is to Iraq, and threatened Iran.

The UN Security Council issued Resolution 1333 on December 19, 2000. This demanded “that the Taliban turn over bin Laden to the United States or a third country for trial in the deadly bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa in August 1998, and close terrorist training camps, with the threat of trade sanctions, freezing Taliban assets abroad, etc.” This resolution did not authorize the use of force. The rapid military response, “Enduring Freedom” (sic) following 9/11 was not authorised by the UN until Resolution 1386 was passed on 20.12.01. The U.S. war in Afghanistan thus began illegally and remained illegal for 2 months and 13 days.

“Within a number of days,” the U.S. dropped cluster bombs and, later, thermobaric bunker busters which “violate international norms on indiscriminate attacks.” Verifiable disclosure by the U.S. government on the use of Depleted Uranium, i.e. bombs which use reprocessed nuclear waste, should be demanded by the U.S. Senate and Congress.

The Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop, said (29 Nov. 2005) that NATO “troops will be independent from existing US forces and would respect human rights.” There were many concerns and a definite quagmire . John Reid, The former U.K. Defence Minister, said (April ’06) that U.K. forces would be happy to leave Afghanistan in three years without "firing one shot.” Reality has proved this to be an understatement. Recently, the Scotsman reported that British troops were being attacked “up to a dozen times a day, were involved in hand-to-hand combat and had fired 400,000 bullets.” The UK time limit has also become more flexible - 10 years is suggested. The leader of the Liberal Democrats in the United Kingdom, Sir Menzies Campbell, recently wrote that the UK Afghan ‘mission’ does “not absolve our Government from one of its most profound responsibilities: scrupulous consideration of the justification and consequences of deploying British troops to battle.”

The war in Afghanistan is now supported by NATO troops supplied by 37 countries. There are 20,000 US troops, of which 8,000 will operate at two centres under U.S. control. There are 76,000 Afghan security forces. NATO command will be headed by Lt. Gen. David Richards of the U.K. The schism between the U.S. and NATO supporting countries still exists and is unresolved. Was 'independence' ever really an option? One might take notice of an 'offer’ made by the US in June 2006 to take command of NATO troops.

Who is heading the U.S. ‘mission’? In July, suspect war criminal General Bantz Craddock was chosen as NATO’s next ‘supreme’ European allied commander. His previous job was at Guantanamo. "Craddock falsely insisted that a ‘significant number’ of detainees at Guantanamo Bay were members of al-Qaeda; … Craddock refused to reprimand Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Miller for abuse and torture of detainee Mohammad al-Qahtan; … Craddock joked about the detainee hunger strike, saying the prisoners had ‘choices’ in feeding tube color, flavor of lozenges.” Prior to Guantanamo, he was a chief military assistant to Rumsfeld.

On the 26th of September, a Guardian headline announced: U.S. Gen. to Command Afghanistan Forces. McNeil is another suspect war criminal. He presided over Bagram Prison, an infamous torture centre in Afghanistan, in 2003. It is interesting that one of the two enclaves (the other is Kandahar helicopter airbase) that will remain under direct U.S. control is the U.S.-operated prisons and interrogation centers at Bagram.

President Bush recently pushed through the Military Commissions Act. This authorized the President “to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001 . . . in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.” This retroactive bill was designed to protect men such as Craddock and McNeil from being charged as war criminals. No one in Mainstream Media has reported the US leadership connection in Afghanistan with torture.

Violence and death, as in Iraq, continue to increase in Afghanistan not only for NATO troops but also exponentially for the Afghan people. Boston’s Globe and Mail suggested that “NATO's emphasis on body counts as a measure of military success echoes an earlier era, when the U.S. used them as a measure of success against ‘insurgents’ in Vietnam.”

Why do both the US and UK governments shrug off the National Intelligence Estimate Report, as well as other reports? Why are Bush and Blair ‘in denial’ over accusations that their foreign policies are responsible for the growth in terrorism? The revenge motif, get Bin Laden ‘dead or alive’ following 9/11 has not been achieved. One has to now ask if this is intentional, given that he is the Fear Focus for Bush’s (poorly thought out and abysmally executed) “War on Terror.” Terrible as it sounds, could one propose that 'terrorist' growth is exactly what the US / UK governments want to encourage? Via bogus ‘terrorist’ threats and the ensuing Fear Factor, these two governments can ensure that the ‘Patriot’ Act, ID cards, private prisons, draconian attacks on human rights, torture methods, wiretaps, etc. ad. vomitus, can be implemented in order to achieve the desired police state. The governmental mind-set means that the lives of ‘ordinary’ human beings can be considered as contemptible whilst corporate / private fortunes in oil and the arms trade are being made. Not exactly “democracy and freedom.”

And why is the U.S. encouraging more and more countries to join NATO? This is not for the benefit of Afghanistan. NATO is another U.S. corporate money-spinner. The financial squeeze which the U.S. puts on ‘cooperating’ NATO countries in Afghanistan is for the sole benefit of the US arms industry. An extensive essay on the USA involvement with NATO can be seen at Nato, the Bathtub of Unreadiness. NATO should be renamed US-ATO.

Index on Afghanistan, which I started in May 2005, and was my first blog, is now an enormous source reference. More people are re-focusing on this ‘forgotten’ war. In the future, there will be separate monthly updates. The September 2006 Index on Afghanistan can be seen here. I hope that people all over the world will continue to find these source references useful. Thank you.

Sarah Meyer is a researcher living in the United Kingdom.

"Afghanistan: Nato is now US-ato" was first published by the BRussells Tribunal at

The url to Afghanistan: NATO is now US-ATO is


United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)

UNMOVIC homepage (launched Jan 30, 2001)
A welcome addition. Provides links to UNMOVIC reports, organizational chart, documents and a chronology.


Updated collection of UN Security Council Resolutions on Iraq.


Security Council Resolution 1284 replaced UNSCOM with UNMOVIC and set (somewhat vague) conditions for the lifting of sanctions, notably the return of weapons inspections. See also the relevant press release.


United Nations Office of the Iraq Programme
UN department overseeing implementation of the Iraq oil-for-food programme. Provides full text of the Secretary General's reports, Security Council resolutions and weekly updates on the working of the oil-for-food programme.


Basic Facts About the Oil for Food Program
Provides basic information about the Oil-for-Food Program in Iraq.


UNSCOM Home Page
The old UN weapons inspection program's page, including facts, documents and reports about UNSCOM's operations.


Memorandum of Understanding between the UN and the Republic of Iraq (February 23, 1998)

International Compact for Iraq
This link provides information on the International Compact for Iraq, an initiative created by the United Nations at the request of the Iraq government. The compact aims to achieve a National Vision for Iraq by consolidating peace and pursuing political, economic and social development over the next five years.


Iraq Analysis Group
This site provides information about post-invasion Iraq. This includes a list of opinion polls carried out in Iraq, links to documents about the humanitarian situation, a collection of good sources of news about Iraq, and much else.


Iraq Index
This document contains a comprehensive list of post-war Iraq-related statistics, compiled by the Brookings Institution.


US Embassy Baghdad, Iraq Homepage
A link to the official homepage of the US Embassy in Iraq, established on June 28, 2004 following the "transfer of sovereignty" to Iraq's Interim Government.


Coalition Provisional Authority Homepage
A link to the official homepage of the Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA) of Iraq, the first Occupying Power in history to have its own website.


Development Fund for Iraq
Official website with information regarding the Development Fund for Iraq (DFI) account balance and spending.


United Nations Homepage on Iraq
The official United Nations website dedicated to Iraq with UN news, documents and related information dealing exclusively with the Iraq Crisis.


International Advisory and Monitoring Board
The official website of the International Advisory and Monitoring Board (IAMB). IAMB is an auditing oversight body created to monitor collection and disbursement of funds from the Development Fund for Iraq.


Iraq Revenue Watch
This site, run by the Open Society Institute, provides articles on Iraq's oil industry in the post-war era. It promotes transparency in the management of Iraq's oil industry to ensure that the benefits of the country's national oil wealth flow to the people of Iraq.


Middle East Reference
This website lists numerous political “organizations” in Iraq including civilian-based national secular groups, National Islamist groups, national officers' organizations, Kurdish groupings and other organizations based on ethnic identity. The site also lists noteworthy independent political figures in Iraq.


The National Security Archive
This website offers a library and archive of declassified U.S. documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, a public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information through the FOIA, and an indexer and publisher of documents in books, microfiche, and electronic formats.


Baghdad Bulletin
This self-described ‘non-partisan publication” based in Baghdad brings a plethora of articles and information on Iraq after Saddam Hussein's rule.


War in Iraq
This Russian-based site, said to be close to the Defense Ministry, provides articles and analysis about all aspects of the Iraq War in English and Russian. The site offers often original and critical analyses of the US occupation.


Cost of War
This website offers a cost of war counter giving up-to-the-minute information on the immense cost of war and occupation in Iraq.


Iraq Occupation Watch
This Baghdad-based International Occupation Watch Center act as a watchdog regarding the military occupation and US-appointed government and monitors the role of foreign companies in Iraq.


Iraq Body Count
This website is a human security project establishing an independent and comprehensive public database of media-reported civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military action by the US and coalition forces.


This website chronicles US military deaths in Iraq from March 2003 to present including the names of the dead soldiers and how they died.


Iraq Coalition Casualty Count
This website chronicles military casualties and fatalities in Iraq from March 2003 to present. It provides casualty information for the US, the UK, and all other coalition members.


US Energy Information Administration: Iraq Oil Page
The Energy Information Administration (EIA), created by US Congress in 1977, is a statistical agency of the US Department of Energy. EIA provides policy-independent data, forecasts, and analyses on various oil-producing countries, including general information and Non-OPEC countries.


Link to a web site with information on the connection between US oil interests and war in Iraq.


OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) is an international Organization of eleven developing countries which are heavily reliant on oil revenues as their main source of income. The current Members are Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.


Oil and Gas Journal Online
This online journal gives you the latest news on oil business.


Platts provides information and services in the fields of electricity, natural gas, oil, oil shipping, coal, nuclear energy and petrochemicals.


Oil News
News on international oil business and politics.


Monitoring International Humanitarian Law in Iraq
The IHL Research Initiative portal offers unique access to academic and policy-oriented research material related to International Humanitarian Law. The portal has been developed in close cooperation between the Integrated Research and Information System (IRIS) and the Harvard Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research (HPCR)."


Emergency Humanitarian Action for the People of Iraq
This link lists humanitarian organizations working for people in Iraq or Iraqi refugees.


Reports on the Iraq Crisis
Information from the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on the crisis in Iraq.


Humanitarian Issues and ICRC Action in Iraq
Link to the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) web site which provides news and background on the humanitarian issue in Iraq.


Human Rights Watch Report on Iraq
Human Rights Watch provides up-to-date information on the current humanitarian situation in Iraq and background to the war.


Iraq Body Count
This website is a human security project establishing an independent and comprehensive public database of media-reported civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military action by the US and coalition forces.


IRC’s Emergency Assistance For Iraqis
Reports and analysis on the humanitarian situation in Iraq provided by the International Rescue Committee (IRC).


Relief Web on the Latest in Iraq
The link to Relief Web’s site including reports and statistical information on the humanitarian situation in Iraq.


CNS Special Report on Iraq
Link to the Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) providing materials on the Iraq crisis including commentaries and articles from the “The Nonproliferation Review.”


The American Enterprise Institute
AEI is a conservative Washington-based think-tank that has close ties to Wall Street and corporate boardrooms. Richard Perle, one of the administration’s most avid hawks, works at AEI, and the Institute has favored a US military strike against Iraq and against “Middle Eastern Tyranny.”


Campaign Against Sanctions in Iraq
First known as “Campaign Against Sanctions in Iraq”, CASI aimed to raise awareness of the effects of sanctions on Iraq, and campaigns on humanitarian grounds for the lifting of non-military sanctions. After the outbreak of war in 2003, CASI members officially transformed it into "Cambridge in Solidarity with Iraq" in autumn 2003, and wound down in Spring 2005. The original CASI website remains an extensive collection of resources and information.


The Cato Institute
The Cato Institute is Washington’s leading neoliberal policy center and the least hawkish of the conservative think-tanks. Skeptical of “foreign military adventurism,” Cato scholars have published a number of articles critical of Bush’s policy toward Iraq.


Chronology of US Policy Towards Iraq 2000
Posted by the United States Information Service (USIS), this chronology includes many references to sanctions, but with a marked US government perspective.


Citizens Concerned for the People of Iraq (CCPI)
Introduction to speeches, points of view and links on the Iraq sanctions regime.


FAS: Iraq Crisis Page
Federation of American Scientists provides a large and diverse US resource on the Iraq Crisis - including background information, an archive of news articles, details of each operation, and links to government sites and anti-war organizations.


The Future of a Post-Saddam Iraq: A Blueprint for American Involvement
The right-wing Heritage Foundation has put together a package of proposals for how to impose order in Iraq after the war and how to use military force to secure vital US interests.


The Gulf/2000 Project: Iraq Page
Colombia University has put together a comprehensive site with links to what they have identified as the most informative and reliable sources of information about Iraq.


House of Commons Select Committee (UK)
The British Parliamentary Committee on International Development takes a look at whether the sanctions on Iraq are hitting the right people.


Iraq Action Coalition
This site protesting sanctions has a variety of articles and analysis. Includes a page of articles on Denis Halliday, who resigned his UN post in protest of the sanctions.


Iraq Daily
Collects news articles concerning Iraq and sanctions.


Iraq Resource Information Site
Detailed information about Iraq, and articles and discussion about sanctions.


Life and Death in Iraq (1999)
Seattle Post-Intelligencer's special report on Iraq provides news, a historical perspective, analysis, and portraits of Iraqi people and daily life in Iraq.


Middle East Research and Information Project (MERIP)
Posts analytical articles concerning Iraq and other Middle Eastern countries.


Save the Children-UK
Committed to creating a better world for children, this is one of the UK's leading organizations in this area. Very active in Iraq issues.


The Impact on International Law of a Decade of Measures Against Iraq
The University of Michigan and the European Journal of International Law have held their own conference on Iraq in May 2001. The European Journal of International Law will publish the proceedings by 2002.


Paul Colon , United Nations Sanctions Management: A Case Study of the Iraq Sanctions Committee, 1990-1994, Procedural Aspects of International Law Institute Publications, Washington, 2000
Paul Colon, who worked with the 661 Committee, describes the work of this Committee and other sanctions committees and raises legal questions regarding sanctions.


The Washington Institute for Near East Policy
An influential, conservative pro-Israel think tank with many ties to the Bush administration, WINEP has published papers favoring US war on Iraq. See also the book on a post-Saddam Iraq political order.

Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting
FAIR, a US media watch group, offers well-documented criticism of media bias and censorship.


Institute for Public Accuracy
The Institute for Public Accuracy works to introduce alternative idea into the mass media and promotes the inclusion of outlooks that usually are disregarded.


Center For War, Peace And The News Media
This NYU-based organization investigates the role of the media in the dynamics of war, peace, and conflict.


Media Lens is a UK-based media-watch project, which offers authoritative criticism of mainstream media bias and censorship, as well as providing in-depth analysis, quotes, media contact details and other resources.

Timeline Iraq
The Guardian briefly chronicles the history of Iraq since Saddam Hussein became president in July 1979.


Federation of American Scentists: Iraq Crisis Page
Includes information on previous military campaigns, such as Desert Storm in 1991 and Desert Fox in 1998.

People Come First - Protect Human Rights
Recent news and observations on the Iraqi crisis provided by Amnesty International.


Lawyers Against the War
LAW opposes the illegal use of force against Afghanistan and other countries and supports the use of national and international law to settle disputes, prosecute offenders and protect rights.


The Lawyers' Committee on Nuclear Policy
A nonprofit educational association using national and international law to promote peace and disarmament.

US Bombing Watch
When was the last time the US bombed Iraq? This site reports daily on US-UK attacks on Iraq since 2000, mostly in “patrolling” the unilateral No-Fly Zones.


FAS: Iraq Crisis Page
Includes information on previous US military campaigns, such as Desert Storm in 1991 and Desert Fox in 1998.


The Gulf/2000 Project: Iraq Page
Colombia University has put together a comprehensive site with links to what they have identified as the most informative and reliable sources of information about Iraq.


The National Security Archive
This website offers a library and archive of declassified U.S. documents obtained through the Freedom of Information Act, a public interest law firm defending and expanding public access to government information through the FOIA, and an indexer and publisher of documents in books, microfiche, and electronic formats.


Why We Oppose War with Iraq
On this site, FOR (Fellowship of Reconciliation) lists many devastating consequences of a potential war against Iraq.